The word Pathology is derived from the Greek word Pathos and Logia. Meaning of Pathos is “experience or suffering” and Logia means “Study of”. Medical pathology is categorized as clinical pathology and anatomic pathology. Clinical pathology is the study of disciplines of microbiology, immunology, clinical chemistry and hematology. Anatomic pathology comprises the study of cellular and tissue. A pathologist is a physician who examines the tissues and checks the accuracy of lab tests. Pathologist plays a very important role in the healthcare of a patient. In a pathology, various laboratory tests are conducted on the samples of a patient that facilitate the patient’s diagnosis and treatment.

Courses and Duration

Certificate Courses – 1 year

  • PDCC (Blood Banking & Immunohaematology)
  • PDCC (Blood Component Therapy & Apheresis)
  • PDCC (Hepatopathology)
  • PDCC (Renal Pathology)
  • Post MD Certificate course in Cytopathology
  • Post MD Certificate course in Immunopathology

Diploma Courses:

  • Diploma in Pathology – 2 years
  • Diploma in Clinical Pathology – 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology – 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Human Genetics and Pathological Techniques (PGDHGPT) – 15 months

Bachelor Courses:

  • Bachelor of Audiology Speech and Language Pathology – 4 years

Master Courses:

  • Master of Science (Sc.) in Pathology – 2 years
  • Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Pathology – 3 years
  • Doctor of Medicine in Pathology – 3 years

Doctoral Courses:

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Pathology – 3 years
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Speech Pathology and Audiology –3 years


For UG Courses: Minimum educational qualification of 10+2 passed with PCB group is required for admission to undergraduate courses.

For PG Courses: You will be eligible for PG courses after passing bachelor’s degree in related discipline. Admission to Doctor of Medicine (MD) programme will be offered after the successful completion of MBBS course.

Admission Process

Some colleges offer admission on the basis of marks in the qualifying examination or some of them provides admission through the entrance test. Admission in MBBS course will be done through NEET 2019. Many universities/institutions regulate their own entrance test for providing admission. Some of the postgraduate level medical entrance test are JIPMER PG 2019, AIIMS PG 2019, etc.

Entrance Examination

  • NEET PG 2019
  • JIPMER 2019
  • AIIMS 2019

Jobs and Career Opportunities

Pathologists can work as a diagnostician in hospitals, investigators or researchers in medical laboratories and as teachers in colleges and Universities.

Various government and private hospitals offer the job to pathologists. Reputed hospitals like All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) avails position for pathologists. Vacancies are also available in National Institute of Health, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, and Food and Drug Administration.

For pathologists, it is a good option to open his/her own pathology lab.

Pathologists can find employment within agriculture, public health, law enforcement, and in many other fields.  You can avail jobs in Drug manufacturing, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology companies also. There is another option for Pathologists is to start their own diagnostic laboratories or become consultants to private industry.

UPSC conducts Combined Medical Services examination and provincial civil service examination for facilitating jobs in defense services like the army and naval forces. Pathologists can appear the aforementioned examination for getting employment in defense services.

Job types for pathologists:

  • Medical Examiner
  • Consultants
  • Cytotechnologist
  • Dermatopathologist
  • Forensic Technician
  • Professors
  • Mortuary Assistant
  • Medical Lab Technician


Starting salary of a pathologist ranges from Rs.15,000 to Rs.25,000. After gaining experience, there is a rise in salary and it will be Rs 60,000 per month in the private sector.

In the United States, pathologists earn an excellent salary. Their average salary is around $191,000 per month.