The word veterinary is related to diseases, injuries, and the treatment of farm and domestic animals. A Veterinary doctor (veterinarian) is the one who provides a cure and treatment against the sickness of animals. If, you are one of those who is obsessed with animals and cares deeply for them, then becoming a veterinarian can help your cause of helping the animals.

This article will provide you with all the details relevant to veterinary courses, including:

  • Course
  • Streams
  • Duration
  • Admission Procedure
  • Eligibility
  • Examination
  • Jobs & Careers Opportunities


The courses of veterinary comprise of the study of the following:

  • Medical diagnoses of all kinds of animals
  • Therapeutic principles of treatment
  • Veterinary anatomy
  • Veterinary medicine, etc.

The courses that one can pursue to have a career in the aforementioned fields are:


  • BSc. in Animal Genetics and Breeding
  • BSc in Animal Production & Management
  • BSc in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
  • BSc. in Veterinary Medicine, Public Health & Hygiene
  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH) – 5 years


  • MSc in Veterinary Medicine
  • MSc in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
  • MSc in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
  • Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc) – 3 years


  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Veterinary Medicine
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Veterinary Pathology
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology


Veterinary courses are counted under the stream of medical sciences. All those candidates, who desire to pursue their careers in the direction of becoming a veterinarian must opt for science stream in their 10+2, including physics, chemistry, and biology.


The duration of the veterinary courses is as mentioned below:

Type of courses Duration
B.V.Sc 5 years, including 6 months of internship
M.V.Sc 3 years
Ph.D 2 years

Admission Procedure

Formerly, for admissions in undergraduate veterinary courses, Veterinary Council of India conducted All India Pre Veterinary Test (AIPVT 2019). Now all the examinations have been replaced by NEET, and the candidates are required to follow the procedure mentioned below:

STEP 1 – Registration: The forms for NEET are made available before the examination through offline and online mode. The candidates are supposed to fill the forms and submit it.

STEP 2 – Qualifying NEET: The candidates are supposed to qualify the examination for taking admission in the desired university/ college.

STEP 3 – Counselling: After qualifying the respective NEET with the minimum marks stated by the concerned authorities, the candidates have to go through a series of counseling for acquiring and locking the seats.

The candidates are called for the counseling, depending on their score in NEET.

STEP 4 – Verification of documents: After the candidates are allotted the seats, they are supposed to report to the respective university/ college for verification of documents.

STEP 5 – Taking admission: After verification of documents the final admission is carried out along with the submission of the admission fee.


The basic requirements for taking admission in the courses are:

UG courses

  • Aspirants have to pass their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university/ organization.

PG courses

  • Aspirants have to pass their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university.
  • Aspirants must have a degree of graduation in their respective fields with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university.


NEET is the entrance examination which is a must for every candidate who wants to take admission in veterinary programs. The procedure that must be followed is:

  • Registration
  • Filling the application form
  • Submission of application form

Jobs and Career Opportunities

The professions that can be opted after acquiring a degree in veterinary, are:

  • Veterinarian Assistant
  • Veterinarian Technician
  • Veterinary physician
  • Veterinarian food inspection specialist
  • Associate Veterinarian
  • Veterinary surgeon
  • Veterinary pharmacologist
  • Veterinary epidemiologist
  • Veterinary neurologist
  • Veterinary dermatologist