The job of being a scientist is the most prestigious and respected jobs in our society. A scientist is a person who does research on and around a specific topic of science. Some of the different types of scientist that work in different areas of research and development are:

  • Agronomist
  • Botanist
  • Geologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Marine Biologist

This article will provide you with all the details on how to become a scientist, including:

  • Course
  • Duration
  • Admission Procedure
  • Eligibility
  • Examination
  • Jobs & Careers Opportunities

Course

The courses that can be pursued in order to become a scientist in any field are:

UG Courses

  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc)
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)

PG Courses

  • Master of Science (M.Sc)
  • Technological or equivalent masters degree in the authorized fields.

After the completion of Masters, aspirants can go ahead and enroll in doctoral (Ph.D.) courses in order to become a scientist.

Duration

The usual duration of the courses is mentioned in the table:

Type of courses Duration
UG Courses  B.Sc – 3 Years
B.Tech/B.E – 4 Years
PG Courses 2 Years
Doctoral courses 2 Years

Admission Procedure

STEP 1 – Registering: The first and the most important step is to register in the right order. The registration forms are made available either through online or offline mode. Candidates can check the details of commencement of registration on the official website of whichever college/ university they desire to enroll in.

STEP 2 (a) – Qualifying the entrance examination: Various entrance examinations are conducted for the doctoral courses (after the completion of undergraduate and master’s programme) at the national level, state level or university level. Candidates are required to qualify the examination with the minimum cutoff of the desired course to enroll in that particular programme.

STEP 2 (b) – In case no entrance examination is conducted the candidates are shortlisted on the basis of their qualifying marks in the course pursued earlier. Candidates must fill in the application forms carefully, as their application is the main key to getting shortlisted for the programme.

STEP 3 – After completion of the first two steps successfully, the shortlisted candidates are called for counseling on the basis of their application or the marks scored in the entrance examination.

STEP 4 – After successfully locking the seats in the counseling, candidates are required to report to the venue of admission for verification of documents.

STEP 5 – After successful verification of documents, candidates can go ahead and take admission along with the submission of the curriculum fee specified.

Eligibility

UG courses

  • Aspirants have to pass their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university/ organization.

PG courses

  • Aspirants have to pass their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university.
  • Aspirants must have a degree of graduation in their respective fields with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university.

Diploma Courses

  • Aspirants must have passed the school along with the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC)/tenth standard/equivalent

Examination

The examinations that are commonly conducted for scientist courses are:

  • BARC
  • IISc
  • TIFR
  • JEST
  • CSIR NET Exam

Jobs and career opportunities

In India, a scientist usually finds a research job in:

  • CSIR NET Labs
  • DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation)
  • ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization)
  • BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre)
  • Some of the govt. labs.

Some of the job profiles that one can work in as a scientist are:

  • Archaeologists
  • Astronomers
  • Biologists
  • Earth scientists
  • Food Scientists
  • Military scientists
  • Economists
  • Communication scientists
  • Criminologists
  • Neuroscientists
  • Agronomists
  • Ecologists
  • Geologists
  • Computer scientists