Diploma in Ophthalmology is a postgraduate Medical Ophthalmology Course. Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the Anatomy, Physiology, and diseases of the eye. The duration of the course is one year but it may be more or less than this depending on the rules and regulations of different institutes.

Candidates must have completed a Bachelor’s degree in a relevant field from MCI recognized university or equivalent. Admission to the same is generally based on entrance exams.

During the course, students learn the properties of light and geometric optics, including refraction and reflection. The Diploma course is an important and career-oriented one that opens many opportunities for the candidates after its successful completion.

Some of the top institutes offering admission to Diploma in Ophthalmology are mentioned below.

  • Christian Medical College, Ludhiana
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune
  • Kasturba Medical College, Karnataka

Such graduates are hired in capacities such as Sales Executive, Associate Professor, Super Specialty Consultant, Product Manager, Zonal Sales Manager, OT Technician, Area Sales Manager, Consultant Ophthalmology etc.

The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 10000 and 5 Lacs for a span of 1 year while a fresher in Ophthalmology working under government hospitals can start earning between INR 15,000 to 25,000 per month excluding other perks and benefits. Private sector hospitals offer very high pay which ranges from Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month.


  • Diplomate of National Board of Examination (DNB) Ophthalmology
  • Diplomate of National Board – 2 years Postdoctoral Vitreoretinal Fellowship
  • Fellowship in General Ophthalmology, Cornea, Uvea, Oculoplastics, Glaucoma and, Vitreoretinal – Session starts April & Oct every Year
  • Ph.D. Programmes in Ophthalmology, Biochemistry & Microbiology affiliated to Tamil Nadu Dr. M G R Medical University, Chennai


  • The Diplomate of National Board of Examination (DNB) course has a duration of three years.
  • The Diplomate of National Board has 2 years Postdoctoral


To become a qualified ophthalmologist, one should complete his/her MBBS degree first and then go for post-graduation in Ophthalmology. The degrees are Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), Master of Surgery (M.S.) and Diploma in Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery (DOMS). The concurrent training and work experience are in the form of a Junior Residency at a Medical College under the supervision of experienced faculty what is known as an internship. Further work experience in the form of fellowship, registrar or senior resident refines the skills of these eye surgeons.

Admission Process

Admissions in these courses of ophthalmologic are based on the medical entrance examination. Many institutions and colleges offer admission on the basis of national level or state level examinations like NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test), AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science), etc. While some other universities organize their own entrance test for admissions.

Entrance Examination

  • AMU Entrance Exam
  • AIIMS Entrance Exam
  • AIIOS Entrance Exam
  • AIMSRC Entrance Exam
  • BFUHS Entrance Exam
  • Bangalore University Entrance Exam
  • Baraktullah University Entrance Exam
  • BLSO Entrance Exam
  • Bharathiyar University Entrance Exam
  • BVU: College of Optometry Entrance Exam
  • University of Andhra Entrance Exam
  • University of Calicut Entrance Exam
  • University of Lucknow Entrance Exam
  • University of Rajasthan Entrance Exam
  • West Bengal University of Health Sciences

Career Opportunities

There are several career options available for those who completed their ophthalmology degree.  Employment can be found in sectors such as hospitals undertaken by state and central government. In addition, Ophthalmologists and ophthalmic are hire by various hospitals, clinics, and medical offices.

As an ophthalmologist, they are also eligible for doing jobs in private practices, while ophthalmic technologists are hired in medical centers. The chances of ophthalmic medical technicians are to working in the offices of physicians is most. The ophthalmic specialist may specialize in some area, like low-vision optics or ophthalmic surgical assisting, ophthalmic ultrasonography and ophthalmic photography.

As experienced and talented ophthalmologists, they can set up their own facility for more beneficial income. Applicants can likewise select as an educator or Lecturer by different schools or colleges. They can participate in an armed force, aviation-based armed forces or navy as an ophthalmologist.

Students can also take up research work with organizations such as ICMR. Most of the ophthalmologist prefer private sectors such as nursing home, private hospitals, and clinics because of high remunerations available.

Those who have relevant experience of at least 4-5 years in ophthalmology can start their own private eye-clinic as well. A student can also begin his/her career in research or teaching area after completing postgraduate and/or Ph.D. degree in any specialized field of ophthalmology.

There is a massive requirement for Indian ophthalmologists in abroad mainly in USA, Australia, UK, Gulf countries.

Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful graduates/ postgraduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.