Microbiology is the study of microbes/ microorganisms, including unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). The person specializing in microbiology is known as a microbiologist. It comprises fields like pharmacy, medicine, agriculture, nanotechnology, etc.

This article will provide the aspirants information about the microbiology courses, including:

  • Course
  • Streams
  • Duration
  • Admission Procedure
  • Eligibility
  • Examination
  • Jobs & Careers Opportunities


The type of courses that are offered in the microbiology are:

  • Bachelor courses
  • Masters in Microbiology. Specializations being:
  1. Agricultural Microbiology
  2. Industrial Microbiology
  3. Evolutionary Microbiology
  4. Nano Microbiology
  5. Cellular Microbiology
  6. Soil Microbiology
  7. Veterinary Microbiology
  8. Generation Microbiology
  9. Microbial
  10. Water Microbiology
  11. Pharmaceutical Microbiology
  12. Microbial Genetics
  13. Environmental Microbiology
  • Diploma Courses
  • Certification Courses


The candidates are required to opt the science stream in the 10+2 which includes physics, chemistry, and biology.


Type of courses Duration
UG Courses  B.Sc – 3 Years
B.Tech/B.E – 4 Years
PG Courses 2 Years
Diploma Courses 1 Year
Doctoral Courses 2 Years

Admission Procedure

The admissions for in any university or colleges is taken through NEET and common entrance tests (CET if applicable) by the respective universities.

STEP 1 – Registration: The forms of the institute/ universities are made available before the examination either through offline or online mode. The candidates are supposed to fill the respective forms and submit it.

STEP 2 – Qualifying NEET and CET: The candidates are supposed to qualify the NEET and CET (if applicable) for taking admission in the desired university/ college.

STEP 3 – Counselling: After qualifying the respective NEET and CET (if applicable) with the minimum marks stated by the concerned authorities, the candidates have to go through a series of counselling for acquiring and locking the seats.

The candidates are called for the counselling, depending on the their score in the CET (if applicable) and NEET.

STEP 4 – Verification of documents: After the candidates are allotted the seats, they are supposed to report to the respective university/ college for verification of documents.

STEP 5 – Taking admission: After verification of documents the final admission is carried out along with the submission of the admission fee.


The basic requirements for taking admission in the course, are:

  • Qualifying the 10+2 examination with science stream, including the subjects physics, chemistry, and biology
  • The candidate must have appeared in the NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test) and the respective CETs (if applicable).

The candidates must have qualified the respective entrance examination with the minimum cutoff of as declared by the university/ college, he/she wants to take admission in.


UG courses

  • Aspirants have to pass their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university/ organization.

PG courses

  • Aspirants have to pass their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university.
  • Aspirants must have a degree of graduation in their respective fields with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university.

Diploma Courses

  • Aspirants must have passed the school along with the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC) /tenth standard/equivalent examination


As mentioned earlier in section 5, some universities/ institutions conduct separate entrance tests for admissions and candidates are required to qualify that entrance in order to take admission. To be a part of the entrance test the candidates must abide by the series of step mentioned below:

  • Registration
  • Filling the application form (online or offline)
  • Submission and payment of application fee

Jobs and Career Opportunities

The professions that are most preferred in after acquiring a degree of microbiology, are:

  • Biomedical Scientist.
  • Clinical research associate.
  • Food technologist.
  • Healthcare scientist, immunology.
  • Medicinal chemist.
  • Microbiologist, etc.