Medical Laboratory Scientists (MLS)  also known as Clinical Laboratory Scientists (CLS) are professionals who carry the treatment and prevention of any kind of sickness by performing laboratory tests.

This article will provide the aspirants information about the Medical Lab Technology courses, including:

  • Course
  • Streams
  • Duration
  • Admission Procedure
  • Eligibility
  • Examination
  • Jobs & Careers Opportunities


The type of courses that are offered in the Medical Lab Technology are:

  • Bachelor’s Degree
  • Diploma Courses
  • Certification Courses

The content that the aspirants are taught include:

  • Clinical biochemistry
  • Hematology
  • Coagulation
  • Microbiology
  • Bacteriology
  • Toxicology
  • Virology
  • Parasitology
  • Mycology
  • Immunology
  • Immunohematology (blood bank)
  • Histopathology
  • Histocompatibility
  • Cytopathology
  • Genetics
  • Cytogenetics
  • Electron microscopy
  • IVF labs


Medical Lab Technology is considered as an integrated part of the medical science stream. The candidates are required to opt the science stream in the 10+2 which includes physics, chemistry, and biology.


Type of courses Duration
UG Courses  B.Sc – 3 Years
B.Tech/B.E – 4 Years
PG Courses 2 Years
Diploma Courses 1 Year

Admission Procedure

The admissions for in any university or colleges is taken through NEET and common entrance tests (CET if applicable) by the respective universities.

STEP 1 – Registration: The forms of the institute/ universities are made available before the examination either through offline or online mode. The candidates are supposed to fill the respective forms and submit it.

STEP 2 – Qualifying NEET and CET: The candidates are supposed to qualify the NEET and CET (if applicable) for taking admission in the desired university/ college.

STEP 3 – Counselling: After qualifying the respective NEET and CET (if applicable) with the minimum marks stated by the concerned authorities, the candidates have to go through a series of counseling for acquiring and locking the seats.

The candidates are called for the counseling, depending on their score in the CET (if applicable) and NEET.

STEP 4 – Verification of documents: After the candidates are allotted the seats, they are supposed to report to the respective university/ college for verification of documents.

STEP 5 – Taking admission: After verification of documents the final admission is carried out along with the submission of the admission fee.


The basic requirements for taking admission in the course, are:

  • Qualifying the 10+2 examination with science stream, including the subjects physics, chemistry, and biology
  • The candidate must have appeared in the NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test) and the respective CETs (if applicable).
  • The candidates must have qualified the respective entrance examination with the minimum cutoff of as declared by the university/ college, he/she wants to take admission in.


NEET is the entrance examination which is a must for every candidate who wants to take admission in the program.

Besides NEET, some of the universities conduct their own CET. Some of the CETs that are conducted are:

  • Odisha Joint Entrance Examination)
  • KEAM (Kerala Engineering, Agriculture and Medical)
  • BVP CET (Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test)
  • IPU CET (Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test)
  • HPU Shimla.

Jobs and Career Opportunities

Medical Lab Technicians work in every area of the clinical laboratory, including:

  • Blood Banking
  • Chemistry
  • Hematology
  • Immunology
  • Histology
  • Microbiology

Whether it is a small scale test like a prenatal blood test or the test for diseases like HIV/AIDS, diabetes, etc. a medical lab technician operates in a full range of medical tests.

Some of the professions that can be taken up after acquiring the degree are:

  • CT Scan Technicians
  • Anesthesia Technicians, Laboratory Technicians
  • MRI Technicians
  • X-Ray Technicians

Dental Mechanics [Technicians], etc.