MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) is an under-graduate level professional degree programme which allows participants to practice medicine and surgery. The MBBS Course duration is of five and half years including a one-year mandatory internship programme. The MBBS Course is conducted under semester system where students undergo theory and practical classes in nine semesters followed by one year of rotational internship programme which constitutes training in different areas of medicine and surgery.

The MBBS Course is basically divided into three broad phases – pre-clinical, para-clinical and clinical. The syllabus comprises subject areas like Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Psychiatry, Dermatology, etc. The hands-on training is also imparted to students in different wards and departments of the hospital attached to their respective attached college during the course of MBBS programme. The students learn different stages of treatment and standard protocols like disease history, examination, diagnosing, and patient management etc during their practical classes.


During the MBBS Course, the students are taught about the basics of anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, and many other medicinal areas. Further, after the MBBS programme, a postgraduate programme like MD (Doctor of Medicine) and MS (Master of Surgery) offer specialization in medicine and surgery respectively.

While pursuing MBBS degree, students get in-depth theoretical and practical knowledge of performing standard clinical procedures. They also learn to determine the best treatment for the patients based on their history. During the mandatory one-year internship, the students are rotated across various specialties which help them get the first-hand experience of managing ward and staff as well as conducting counseling to patients.


The complete duration of the course is five and a half years which includes a rotating internship of one year. The course is usually divided into 9 semesters of 6 months each. Apart from the regular courses, the students are also supposed to participate in hands-on training in the wards and out-patient departments. This provides the student with real-life experiences in practicing and performing clinical procedures integral to their further practice as a doctor.


  • To get admission into MBBS programme in India, students have to complete their 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry & Biology and score minimum 50% marks(40% in the case of reserved category).
  • Student’s age should be between 17 years to 25 years.
  • The given qualification is not enough to get admission into MBBS course, students have to appear for the National Level Examination conducted by the CBSE, New Delhi, i.e. NEET 2019(National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test). Students also apply for AIIMS 2019 & JIPMER 2019 MBBS Entrance Exam to get admission into MBBS programme.
  • From the year 2016, the Supreme Court bans the state level or university level examinations for admission into MBBS & BDS So, all the admission into MBBS course are through the NEET Exam only.

Entrance Examination Structure

The mode of testing is an objective type test, testing the basic knowledge of a candidate based on the subjects studied in 10+1 and 10+2 from CBSE, NCERT, and COBSE along with various state syllabi. The main aim and objective of the entrance test are to evaluate the basic knowledge and aptitude of the candidates taking up the prestigious course of MBBS. The colleges who offer this course assume that the students enrolled have a pre-knowledge of the fundamentals of the courses taught.

Along with these modes of admission to MBBS, there is also a provision for direct admission to around 30 Medical colleges all over India through Management Quota seats.

Currently, only Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna provides a correspondence course in MBBS.

Career and Job Opportunities

The medical graduates are entitled to use the term Doctor before his or her name as the prefix “Dr”. Day by day, the demand for medical professionals is increasing due to the unfortunate upsurge in diseases and ailments. For the better prospect of your career, you should have some skills like deep knowledge in the field, good diagnosing ability, responsibility, self-confidence, caring nature, counseling skill, and good communication so as to interact with your patients. There are good job and career opportunities for the students after getting the degree in medicine as a doctor. It is the professional field with 100% job placement. No one in the country, who has the MBBS degree and has no job.

An MBBS graduate may go for the PG degree programmes leading to the Domain M.D (Doctor of Medicine) or M.S (Master of Surgery) or M.Sc (Medical) etc. After completing the MBBS degree successfully, there are two options for the students: either start their own venture or go for a job in the medical field. Students can also go for government jobs as a doctor or join a private health firm.

Many Medical Graduates are much in demand to study & research the different areas in Bio-Engineering.

The job profiles of the MBBS may be the following:

  • Junior doctors
  • Doctors
  • Physician
  • Junior Surgeons
  • Medical Professor or Lecturer
  • Researcher
  • Scientist

Some Employment Areas are given here:

  • Hospitals
  • Laboratories
  • Biomedical Companies
  • Nursing Homes
  • Medical Colleges
  • Health Centres
  • Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Companies


After completing the MBBS degree, every student wants to know how much they will earn. The salary of the MBBS degree holder depends upon how much knowledge & experience you have. The initial salary of a medical graduate doctor may be the Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 35,000 per month. After getting the experience it can increase to 8 to 10 lakh per annum.