By definition, Master of science is a master’s degree in the field of science or is referring to the person holding the degree. The Master of Science degree is typically granted for studies in sciences, engineering, and medicine, and is usually for programs that are more focused on scientific and mathematical subjects.

This article will provide you with all the details on how to become a scientist, including:

  • Course
  • Duration
  • Admission Procedure
  • Eligibility
  • Examination
  • Jobs & Careers Opportunities


The degree of master of science is usually referred to as M.Sc, MS, Mag. or M. Sci. There are various specializations in several different courses which are mentioned below:

  • M.Sc. Biotechnology
  • M.Sc. Physics
  • M.Sc. Computer Science
  • M.Sc. Information Technology
  • M.Sc. Zoology
  • M.Sc. Psychology
  • M.Sc. Bioinformatics
  • M.Sc. Botany
  • M.Sc. Microbiology
  • M.Sc. Biochemistry
  • M.Sc. Statistics
  • M.Sc. Applied Microbiology
  • M.Sc. Applied Physics
  • M.Sc. Mathematics
  • M.Sc. Chemistry
  • M.Sc. Environmental Science

The candidates can pursue any specialization in the subject they wish to.


The duration of the Master of Science programme is Two Years. For being eligible to pursue a master’s programme, the candidate must hold a degree in the undergraduate course of the same.

Admission Procedure

STEP 1 – Registering: The first and the most important step is to register in the right order. The registration forms are made available either through online or offline mode. Candidates can check the details of commencement of registration, on the official website of whichever college/ university they desire to enroll in.

STEP 2 (a) – Qualifying the entrance examination: Various entrance examinations are conducted for the courses (after the completion of) at national level, state level or university level. Candidates are required to qualify the examination with the minimum cutoff of the desired course to enroll in that particular programme.

STEP 2 (b) – In case no entrance examination is conducted the candidates are shortlisted on the basis of their qualifying marks in the course pursued earlier. Candidates must fill in the application forms carefully, as their application is the main key to getting shortlisted for the programme.

STEP 3 – After completion of the first two steps successfully, the shortlisted candidates are called for counseling on the basis of their application or the marks scored in the entrance examination.

STEP 4 – After successfully locking the seats in the counseling, candidates are required to report to the venue of admission for verification of documents.

STEP 5 – After successful verification of documents, candidates can go ahead and take admission along with the submission of the curriculum fee specified.


  • Aspirants have to pass their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university.
  • Aspirants must have a degree of graduation or any other equivalent course in their respective fields with the minimum qualifying marks specified by the institute/ university.


The entrance examination conducted, evaluates the verbal, analytical and mathematical skills of the candidates. The examinations, typically conducted are:

  • GRE (Graduate Record Examination)
  • CG PAT
  • GSAT
  • IISER, etc.

Jobs and career opportunities

The job profiles that are that one can go with are:

  • Statistics
  • Speech-Language Pathology
  • Communication Sciences & Disorders
  • Physical Therapy
  • Management Information Systems (MIS) (MBA)
  • Computer Science (CS)
  • Physician Assistant Studies
  • Occupational Therapy (OT)
  • Software Engineering
  • Cyber Security
  • Epidemiology
  • Biomedical Engineering (BME)
  • Mathematics
  • Computer Information Systems (CIS)

Some of the top recruiting companies are:

  • Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
  • Infosys
  • Wipro
  • Lecturer
  • GlaxoSmithKline
  • Cipla
  • Ranbaxy
  • GAIL
  • ONGC
  • HDFC
  • Oracle
  • HCL