The term Horticulture is designed after agriculture. It not only includes the cultivation of plants but also includes plant conservation, landscape restoration, landscape and garden design, construction, and maintenance, and arboriculture.
A horticulturist is a person who uses his skills and knowledge in the production of plants. The main aim of horticulturist is to improve plant growth, quality, nutritional value, yield and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses.
A horticulturist is also involved in the research work that includes research on plants to produce new generations.
The job for horticulturist starts from gardeners to designers. They work as growers, therapists, designers, and technical advisors.
Courses and Duration
- Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Horticulture – 3 years
- Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Horticulture – 4 years
- Masters of Science (M.Sc) in Horticulture – 2 years
- Postgraduate Diploma in Horticulture and Landscape Gardening – 1 year
- MSc. Ag. – Horticulture (Floriculture and Landscaping) – 2 years
Entry to this field starts from undergraduate level. After completion of 10+2 in Science stream (class 12th) with chemistry, physics, and maths/ biology/ agriculture as the subjects, one can opt for Bachelor’s degree in Horticulture as a separate discipline or as a subject of BSc Agriculture Science.
You will be eligible for admission after passing 12th class with science stream. The admission criteria and procedure vary institutions to institutions. Some colleges/Universities conduct their own entrance test for providing admission while some of them provide admission through the entrance test namely ICAR AIEEA 2019 conducted by ICAR.
- Annamalai University
- University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore
- Kerala Agricultural University
- Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University
- Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
- College of Agriculture, Pune
- Gujarat Agricultural University, Anand
- College of Horticulture, Kerala
- Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
Jobs and Career Opportunities
There are ample opportunities and a career path in the horticulture field. Several options are available for graduates of horticulture.
Lucrative jobs are available in both the public and the private sector.
You can apply for the District Horticulture Officer/ District Agriculture Officer through the examination conducted by the State Public Service Commission. In addition to this, you can also apply for the post of Technical Assistant / Technical Officers in Agricultural Universities ICAR, DRDO, IARI, & CSIR.
They can also work as a designer or contractor for landscaping projects or work in companies dealing with seeds, fertilizers, sprays and other related fields of horticulture.
A horticulturist can also choose his/her career in the education sector as a professor.
Those holding Ph.D. degree can apply for the examination conducted by the Agriculture Scientist Recruitment Board, ICAR, New Delhi. This examination is conducted for the post of the scientist.
- Project Manager
- Horticultural Education Supervisor
- Assistant Manager Human Resources
In the field of Horticulture, many job opportunities are available for graduates. Some working areas are listed here:
- Field Work
- Sales & Marketing
- Research Area
- Irrigation Department
- Interior Plantscapes
- SHORB Landscaping
- Sun Valley Landscaping
- ER&M ecological restoration and management
- Casa Verde Growers
- Greater Texas Landscape Services
- IFFCO KISAN SANCHAR LIMITED
- Green Decor
An average salary of horticulturist is around $40,363 per year. The figures of your salary will depend upon your area of specialization, location, level of education, etc. As a fresher, you can earn 1.8 to 2.5 lacs per year. After gaining experience, you will get a hike in your salary.
District Horticulture Officers receives an annual salary of 3,00,000 lacs.