For a student, Class 12 or Higher Secondary (HSC) is considered the threshold to the world of higher education. To be able to achieve the desired personal, economic and social progress in the life ahead, one has to make a well-informed course selection to pursue higher studies. So, based on your interests, as well as your academic scorecard, choose your option from the galore of opportunities given below, carefully.
Courses after 12th for Science Students- PCM stream
There are hundreds of courses and thousands of colleges out there, which makes it a challenging task to pick and choose. While students are advised to select the course depending on individual aptitude and interest, here are the 26 most popular courses. These details include course highlights, list of colleges across India offering that course, college reviews, top specializations, and frequently asked questions and answers about each course.
These 26 courses are:
- Bachelor of Architecture (BArch)
- BSc (Science)
- BCA (IT & Software)
- BSc (IT & Software)
- Post Basic BSc Nursing
- BSc (Science)
- Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharma)
Arts courses are also available to Science students:
- BA in Humanities & Social Sciences
- BA in Arts (Fine/Visual/Performing)
- Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)
- BDes in Animation
- BA LLB
- BDes in Design
- BSc in Hospitality & Travel
- BSc in Design
- Bachelor of Journalism & Mass Communication (BJMC)
- BHM in Hospitality & Travel
- Bachelor of Journalism (BJ)
- Bachelor of Mass Media (BMM)
- BA in Hospitality & Travel
- BA in Animation
- Diploma in Education (DEd)
Commerce course options are also open for Science students
- BCom in Accounting & Commerce
- BBA LLB
Popular Course Options after 10+2 with PCM:
Bachelor of Technology (BE/BTech)
BE (Bachelor of Engineering)/ BTech (Bachelor of Technology) is a professional undergraduate degree awarded after completing four years of academic study in the field of engineering. Universities offering other degrees along with engineering name their engineering degree to BE while institutes which offer professional courses like engineering name their engineering degree as BTech.
To pursue a BE/BTech degree, aspirants must have completed their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics along with securing a minimum aggregate of 50% at the HSC level.
Here is some useful information for aspirants looking to take up a BE/BTech course:
- BE/BTech colleges in India
- Popular cities: Delhi, Chennai, Pune, Hyderabad, Bangalore
- Popular Specialisations: Computer Science Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics & Communications Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering
Bachelor of Architecture (BArch)
BArch or Bachelor of Architecture is an undergraduate degree programme of Architecture. The programme involves the art of planning, designing, and constructing buildings along with other physical structures. the basic eligibility to pursue this degree, students must have passed 10+2 or equivalent with Mathematics with 50% marks in aggregate.
Here is some useful information for aspirants looking to take up a BE/BTech course:
- BArch colleges in India
- Popular cities: Delhi/NCR, Bangalore, Pune, Chennai, Mumbai
- BArch entrance exams: NATA, AAT, ITM NEST, GAT UGTP, GCET
Explore frequently asked questions on BArch In case you have specific queries, post your question which will be answered by our community of experts.
Bachelor of Science (in Pure Sciences)
BSc or Bachelor of Science is an undergraduate degree that aspirants can take up to pursue a career in Science. Aspirants need to complete Class XII in Science stream in order to be eligible for BSc course. Duration of a BSc course is typically three years in Indian universities and colleges.
Given below is some useful information for aspirants looking to take up BSc course in Science:
- BSc colleges in India
- Popular cities: Delhi/NCR, Kolkata, Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai
- Popular Specialisations: Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics, Biotechnology, Biology
- All about BSc in Science
- BSc entrance exams: GLAET, SET, OUAT
Bachelor in Computer Applications (IT and Software)
BCA is an undergraduate course generally undertaken by students who wish to explore the world of Computer languages. A BCA degree is at par with a BTech/BE degree in Computer Science or Information Technology. A candidate who has cleared 10+2 from any discipline with Maths (in some cases English too might be a requirement), and has obtained a minimum of 45%-55% marks in aggregate can pursue BCA.
Here is some useful information for aspirants looking to take up a course in BCA in IT & Software:
- BCA in IT & Software colleges in India
- Popular cities: Delhi NCR, Bangalore, Pune, Kolkata, Chennai
- Popular Specialisations: Networking Hardware & Security, Mobile App Development, Programming, Cloud Computing, and Game Design.
Bachelor of Science (in IT & Software)
BSc in IT & Software also known as BSc in Information Technology (BSIT or BSc IT) is an undergraduate course that can be pursued by students who have an academic qualification of Class XII. The duration of the programme is around 3-4 years in Indian colleges & Universities. This course can be opted by students of Science (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) stream.
Here is some useful information for aspirants looking to take up a course in BSc IT & Software:
- BSc in IT & Software colleges in India
- Popular cities: Delhi NCR, Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore, Kolkata
- Popular Specialisations: Networking, Hardware and Security, Game Design, Big Data and Analytics, Cloud Computing, Databases
Courses in Science after 12th – PCB stream
- MBBS – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
- BHMS – Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery
- BAMS – Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
- BUMS – Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery
- BDS – Bachelor of Dental Surgery
- B Sc AH (Animal Husbandry) Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences
- B Sc – Bachelor of Science
- B Sc Microbiology – Bachelor of Science in Microbiology
- B Sc Biotechnology – Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
- B Sc Bio Chemistry – Bachelor of Science in Bio-Chemistry
- B Sc – Nursing
- B PT – Bachelor in Physio Therapy
- B Pharm – Bachelor in Pharmacy
- B Sc Agriculture – Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
- B Sc Horticulture – Bachelor of Science in Horticulture
- B Sc Environmental Science – Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science
- BF Sc – Bachelor in Fisheries Sciences
- B Sc MLT – Bachelor in Medical Technology
- B Sc Occupational Therapists
- B Sc Audiology
- B Sc Speech and Language Pathology
- B Sc Radiography
- B Sc Rehabilitation Therapy
- B Sc Food Technology
- B Sc Nutrition and Dietetics
- B Sc Botany
- B Sc Zoology
- B Sc Anthropology
- B Sc Home Science
Subjects such as physics, chemistry, and biology (PCB) are required for students aspiring to take up careers in medicine or dental studies, biochemistry, biotechnology, microbiology, agricultural and dairy science. Options are also available in the paramedical and allied fields such as Nursing, Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Audiology, Speech Therapy, Medical Lab Technology, Optometry, Nutrition and Dietetics, Pharmacy etc. Those interested in Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science can take up a career as a veterinary doctor. For that, they have to appear for the entrance examination conducted by Veterinary Council of India for getting admission to first year Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry.
Those with +2 science Bio-maths can take up either an engineering or a medical career. Admission to these professional courses is through entrance examinations. If not interested in engineering and medical field, 10+2 science students can go for B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) program of their choice, which can be followed by a Master’s degree (M.Sc.), Ph.D. and M.Phil. Teaching is another option.
Let’s look at the most popular career choices of students who’ve opted for PCB:
The most common career choice for students opting for PCB stream is to become a doctor. The first requirement is to clear NEET and/or the state medical entrance exams and secure a seat in a medical college. The undergraduate programs – MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery), BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) and BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) are of 5 years. Upon completion, the student can opt for postgraduate studies for specialization. Read our article Pursuing Medicine: Career and Lifestyle to get the real picture.
Dentistry is a branch of medicine that specifically deals with the oral cavity. The first requirement is to clear NEET and/or the state medical entrance exams and secure a seat in a medical college. The undergraduate programs BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is of 5 years. Upon completion, the student can opt for postgraduate studies for specialization.
Read also: Why is Dentistry a Good Career Option
Pharmacists/chemists/druggists are healthcare professionals who practice in pharmacy, the field of health sciences focusing on safe and effective medication use. The student must obtain a B. Pharm (Bachelor of Pharmacy) degree at a pharmacy school or related institution.
Biological Sciences deal with the study of living things and encompasses topics such as Cell Biology, Neuroscience, Evolutionary Biology, and Ecology. A student can embark on a professional, scientific or technical career after graduating. They can also opt for further studies such as a research doctorate or a postgraduate course in an applied field.
Biomedical Engineering (BME) is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes. Students who wish to pursue this field must have a Master’s (M.S., M. Tech, M.S.E., or M. Eng.) or a Doctoral (Ph.D.) degree in BME (Biomedical Engineering) or another branch of engineering with considerable potential for BME overlap.
Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or modify products. A student may opt for a B. Tech. Degree and then pursue further studies in health care (medical), Crop Production and Agriculture, nonfood (industrial) uses of crops, environmental uses, etc.
Nursing is a profession within the healthcare sector that focuses on the care of patients. A student has to obtain a BSN (Bachelor of Science in Nursing), a four-year undergraduate degree. Advanced education at the graduate level is for specialization as an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) or for advanced roles in leadership, management, or education.
Physiotherapy is a physical medicine and rehabilitation specialty using mechanical force and movements. A student has to obtain an undergraduate degree, Bachelor of Physiotherapy and can then opt for specialization in Cardiovascular & Pulmonary Physiotherapy, Clinical Electrophysiology, Geriatric, Integumentary, Neurological, Orthopedic, Pediatric, Sports, Women’s Health or Palliative Care.
Optometry is a healthcare profession concerned with the eyes and vision. Optometrists are trained to prescribe and fit lenses to improve vision. Academic degrees such as Bachelor of Optometry, Master of Optometry and Doctor of Philosophy in Optometry are awarded in India by the universities recognized by the UGC. Optometrists have to register with the Optometry Council of India.
Courses after 12th for Commerce Stream
For those who have studied Commerce (with Mathematics/without Mathematics) in Class 11 and 12, the most popular courses at UG level are BCom, BCom (H), Eco (H), BBA/BMS, Integrated MBA, CFP, CA and CS.
Other course options available to students from Commerce background are BStat, BJMC, BBA LLB, BCA, BHM; Bachelor’s degree in Travel & Tourism, Fashion Designing, and Advertising.
Students with Commerce background can also prepare for competitive exams for Banks, Defence, and Civil Services. To pursue courses in Banking, Finance, Accounts, and Taxation, Mathematics in Class 11 and 12 will give you an upper hand.
Many Commerce colleges and Management institutes conduct entrance exams for admission. Here’s an overview:
The candidate aspiring to take up these courses at the undergraduate level are required to appear in common entrance tests, conducted either by government bodies or private institutes. Here’s an overview:
|Stream Specific Exams||Few Top Exams|
|Accounting & Commerce entrance exams||ICWAI, ICSI, ICAI|
Courses after 12th for Arts Stream
Students with Arts background have a wide range of areas of studies to choose from. Depending on their choice they can go for Mass Communication and Media, Advertising, Interior Designing, Teaching, Hospitality, Travel and Tourism, Event Management, Sociology, Psychology, Creative Writing, Social Work, Fashion, Photography, Make-Up & Beauty. For those who shall have studied Arts in Class 11 and 12, the most popular courses at UG level are BA, BA (H), BA LLB, BFA, BJMC, BBA/BMS, B Lib, BSW. Other courses, an Arts student can opt for are courses in Linguistics, Religious Studies, Foreign Languages, Fashion Designing, Theatre Studies, Film Making, Art History, and related fields.
There are no entrance exams for admission to Bachelor’s degree course in most of the Humanities and Social Sciences colleges. However, many Law, Mass Comm, Design and Hospitality institutes offer admission based on marks obtained in entrance exams. Here’s an overview.
To seek admission in most of these courses, aspirants need to appear for common entrance tests, conducted either by government bodies or private institutes. Here’s an overview:
|Stream Specific Exams||Few Top Exams|
|Law entrance exams||CLAT, AILET, LSAT|
|Design entrance exams||NID Entrance Exam, NIFT Entrance Exam|
|Hospitality entrance exams||NCHMCT JEE|
|Mass Comm entrance exams||IIMC Entrance Exam, JMI Entrance Exam, XIC- OET|
|Humanities entrance exams||JNUEE, DUET, PUBDET|