Astronomers are the observers who discover information about “how the universe works” from the planets in our solar system. It includes study about the evolution of stars.

Astronomer implements the principles of Mathematics and Physics to carry out research about the Universe. They make the use of telescopes and computer programs for gathering data on the characteristics of planets, moons, stars and other objects. Astronomers also work with scientists for conducting research.

Courses and Duration

Bachelor’s Courses:

  • B.Sc in Astrophysics – 3-year full-time course
  • B.Sc in Astronomy – 3-year full-time course
  • B.Tech in relevant Engineering

Master’s Courses:

  • M.Sc Astronomy
  • M.Tech (Astronomy and Space Engineering)

Doctoral Courses:

  • PhD. in Astronomy
  • PhD. in Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • PhD. in Astrophysics
  • PhD. in Atmospheric Science and Astrophysics

Integrated Courses:

  • Integrated M.Sc – Ph.D. Programme in Physics and Astrophysics
  • Integrated M.Tech – Ph.D. (Tech.) programme in Astronomical Instrumentation

Eligibility

  • The minimum eligibility required to be met for admission to the course is a 10+2 qualification from a recognized educational Board with Physics and Mathematics as two of the main subjects with a minimum aggregate score of 50%.
  • A few institutes in India also conduct a Common Entrance Examination for admission to the course wherein admission is based on the candidate’s performance in both the 10+2 examination and the entrance test.

Admission Process

To get admission in the undergraduate astronomy courses, various Universities/colleges conduct their own entrance test. one of such entrance tests is called IISC 2019 (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) that provides admission to undergraduate courses offered by IIS.

In order to take admission to Ph.D. courses, you have to clear the GATE 2019/NET 2019 examination. You can also appear the JEST 2019 (Joint Entrance Screening Test) for admission into the Ph.D. course. After the completion of a master’s degree, you can apply for this test.

Top Colleges

1 Osmania University Hyderabad 2,245 Candidate must have obtained a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in 10+2 (Science with Math) Admission is based on performance in a relevant conducted by the institute.
2 Andhra University Visakhapatnam 20,000 Candidate must have obtained a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in 10+2 (Science with Math) Admission is based on performance in a relevant conducted by the institute.
3 ANDHRA UNIVERSITY, COLLEGE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Visakhapatnam 10,000 Candidate must have obtained a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in 10+2 (Science with Math) Admission is based on performance in a relevant conducted by the institute.
4 PUNJABI UNIVERSITY Punjab 18,444 Candidate must have obtained a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in 10+2 (Science with Math) Admission is based on performance in a relevant conducted by the institute.
  • Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram
  • The Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIAP), Bangalore
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

Jobs and Career Opportunities

Astronomy is an amazing & a promising career for the students, those are interested in the mysteries of the universe.

A career in Astronomy is broadly divided as Theoretical or Observational though.

A theoretical Research career typically involves doing Bachelors in Engineering or Technology or Masters in Physics with the basic knowledge in Mathematics & Physics. You can join Universities or Institutions for a Ph.D. programme & obtain a permanent job.

Observation Research Career is wider because students have an engineering degree or have knowledge of computer systems & electronics are encouraged to apply for the graduation programme & allows doing an M.Sc by research prior to doing a Ph.D.

There are various job opportunities exists in public and private organizations like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), NASA, Technology Information, Forecasting, and Assessment Council (TIFAC) etc.

As a brilliant astronomer, you may be offered by space research centers like ISRO, NASA etc.

Interested people can also join the teaching profession after the accomplishment of pre-requisite qualification.

As a beginner, you can work as a fellow researcher with the existing team who already working on an Astronomy project.

You can also get internships at the different centers in India that do astronomy such as IUCAA, ARIES, NCRA, etc.

An engineer with a BE or B.Tech degree can also enter in this field as a research scholar.

After completion of your degree in Astronomy, you can work as a research scientist with various research Institutions & big government organizations such as the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

You can also work as a researcher in the leading observatories and Institutions in the USA.

Job Areas

  • Research
  • Universities
  • Industry

Job Profile

  • Research Scientist
  • Lecturer
  • Astronaut
  • Astronomer

The starting salary of an astronomer starts from Rs 50,000/- per month. Those who have earned experience and are highly qualified will earn an annual salary of Rs. 8 lacs to Rs 10 Lacs.