What is Agricultural Engineering?
Agricultural Engineering is the branch of engineering which deals with problems concerning working and efficiency of machineries, problems with power supplies, use of structures and facilities, pollution and environmental problems as well as problems related to storage and processing of agricultural products, in order to help the farmers reduce their workload and get work done quickly and more efficiently. Agricultural engineering also overlaps with a few other branches of engineering such as – mechanical, civil, structural and electrical/electronics engineering.
Candidates willing to study agricultural engineering must do so after completing their 10+2 and then getting a Bachelor in Technology, preferably in Agricultural Engineering or Biological Engineering. B.Tech graduates (4-year degree) can get an M.Tech in Agricultural Engineering, M.Tech in Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, M.Tech in Renewable Energy, M.Tech in Crop Production, M.Sc in Rural Technology and simultaneously continue to get a Ph.D. in Rural Technology. The Bachelor’s course will cover classroom and laboratory studies including field studies in science, mathematics, and engineering.
The Bachelor’s programme in technology will be for 4 years and each year will have two semesters which will equal to 8 semesters in 4 years. After procuring a Bachelor’s, a specialization in any particular stream related to Agricultural Engineering will take another two-years and 4 semesters.
A candidate willing to procure a Bachelor’s degree in Technology will have to study science in their 10+2 and then get a good score in any of the engineering competitive exams such as JEE-Mains or any state board engineering entrance exam. After securing a good rank, the candidate can try to seek admission in any of the various good engineering institutions in the country and get a degree in Bachelor in Technology.
Few top colleges in India which offer Agricultural Engineering as a course
- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
- Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
- Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal
- Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar
Candidates willing to study agricultural engineering must have science (PCM/PCB) in their 10+2 and have a good rank in JEE-Mains or any other state engineering entrance test which will help the candidate to secure a seat in a good engineering college/institute.
The examination for the Bachelor’s programme will be conducted twice in a year –in the form of two semesters. The course in Bachelor of Technology will include topics covering general engineering, science as a whole, mathematics and physics/chemistry. The examination for the Master’s programme will also be conducted twice a year – divided through two semesters. The examination will consist of the specific course details in which the candidate is procuring the Master’s degree.
Jobs and Career Opportunities
Jobs for a candidate with a degree in Agricultural Engineering are
- Agricultural Engineer
- Agricultural Crop Engineer
- Agricultural Inspector
- Agricultural Specialist
- Farm Shop Manager
- Environmental Controls Engineer
- Food Supervisor
- Plant Physiologist
- Soil Scientist
- Survey Research Agricultural Engineer
- Minor Irrigation Project Manager
- Work in Tea Gardens
- Food Corporation of India
- Dairy, Food and Agro Industries
- NABARD and other banks
- Water Management – Hydrologists
- Agricultural Machinery Manufacturing Organisation
- Agricultural Universities (as professors/scholars)
- Various consultancies
- Non-governmental Voluntary Organisations
- Water Management Department
Agricultural and Food Science Technicians
- Agricultural and Food Scientists
- Environmental Engineers
- Conservation Scientists and Foresters
- Industrial Engineers
Industries or Companies who hire individuals with an Agricultural Engineering degree are
- Farming Industry Consultants
- Agricultural Commodities Processors
- AMUL Dairy
- Nestle India
- Proagro Seed
- Frigorifico Allana
- Mother Dairy
- National Seeds Corporation
- National Dairy Development Board
- Food Corporation of India
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research